Igor I. Sikorsky's S-22
Igor I. Sikorsky's S-22 design proved to be the World's first four-engine bomber. Sikorsky named the aircraft "ILia Mourometz" after a tenth-century Russian folk hero. Construction started in August, 1913 and first flight was in January, 1914. The aircraft had a wing span of 102 feet, a wing area of 1,700 square feet, a gross weight of 10,340 pounds and was powered by four 100 horsepower Argus motors. The cockpit had sufficient space allowing several persons to observe the pilot. Openings on both sides of the fuselage permitted mechanics to climb out on the wings to service the engines during flight. A hatch on the left side provided an exit to the front bridge. Behind the cockpit was a large passenger cabin with four large windows on each side. Placed at the rear was a stairway to the upper bridge and a washroom. Further back was a private cabin which included a berth, small table and cabinet. Lighting was provided by a wpdfind driven generator and heating was supplied by two long engine exhaust pipes which passed through the corners of the cabin. In June, 1914, Sikorsky flew an ILia Mourometz on an historic 1,600 mile round trip flight from St. Petersburg to Kiev. This epic flight proved the worth of multi-engine airplanes and shortly thereafter the Army placed an order for ten ILia Mourometz. During World War I over seventy-five ILia Mourometz aircraft were produced in several versions (S-22 to S-27) and deployed in a special squadron at the front for bombing and reconnaissance missions.
The link below will open a U-Tube display of the Mourometz aircraft in detailed model format that exhibits all features of the aircraft as it rotates in space.
NOTE: Links in this document to websites outside the Archives site are provided to supplement the information provided. A reference to these sites does not constitute an endorsement nor a confirmation of the historical accuracy of the information by the Igor I. Sikorsky Historical Archives, Inc.
last update JANUARY 20, 2015